Cospas-Sarsat Programme Agreement

(Translation) “In accordance with Article IV/II of the 1988 AGREEMENT on the international COSPAS-SARSAT programme, the Soviet side recalls that the association “Morsvjazsputnik” has been designated as the body cooperating in the implementation of the programme. XVI.3 When a State must accede to the agreement and assume responsibility for the contribution of an additional basic unit which is itself an extension of the space segment, it does so with the agreement of all contracting parties, following a Council decision taken in accordance with Article 3.2, that such enlargement is necessary. The system uses a network of satellites that provide coverage all over the Earth. No-level alerts are detected, located and transmitted to more than 200 countries and territories, at no cost to beacon owners or government authorities receiving them. [5] Cospas-Sarsat was designed and initiated in 1979 by Canada, France, the United States and the former Soviet Union. [6] The first rescue with Cospas-Sarsat technology took place in September 1982. [7] [8] The final agreement of the Organization was signed on 1 July 1988. For the book on the history of the programme published by the IAF, please see the following page: www.cospas-sarsat.int/en/documents-pro/history-and-experience-of-the-programme XVI.2 If a State is to accede to this agreement and assume responsibility for the contribution of a basic unit of the existing space segment, either as described in Article 3.1 or as improved in accordance with Article 3.2, it does so in accordance with the contracting party that currently provides this basic unit and in agreement with the other parties. On 1 July 1988, the four states that provided the space segment signed the Cospas Sarsat International Agreement, which ensures the continuity of the system and its availability to all states on a non-discriminatory basis. In January 1992, the Russian government assumed responsibility for the commitments of the former Soviet Union. A number of states, the non-contracting parties to the agreement, have also joined the programme. The construction of emergency beacons as a whole has evolved considerably since 1982. The latest 406 MHz beacons are equipped with GPS receivers.

These beacons transmit very precise position reports in their emergency message. The emergency alert and location are almost immediately transmitted to SAR agencies via Cospas Sarsat satellites. This provides a second method for Cospas-Sarsat to know the location of the distress, in addition to the calculations made independently of Cospas-Sarsat LUTs to determine the location. This two-step reliability and overall coverage of the system have inspired the current motto of SAR agencies: “Get the search for search and rescue out.” [4] From December 2019, the LEOSAR satellites of 60 LEOLUT antennas put into service (Low-Altitude Earth-Orbit Local User Terminals), the GEOSAR satellites of 25 GEOLUT antennas put into service [2] and the MEOSAR satellites of 24 MEOLUT stations put into service will be monitored and monitored by several antennas. Data from these ground stations are transmitted and distributed to 32 MCCs worldwide, 3 of which are still under development. [20] [21] (See box for countries and agencies that are suppliers of soil segments.) When a distress signal is activated, the Cospas Sarsat system is as follows: a Cospas Sarsat distress signal is a 406 MHz digital radio transmitter that can be activated in a life-threatening emergency to call for help from government authorities.

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