The NI protocol, known as “backstop,” is supposed to be temporary and applies unless it is replaced by a future relationship agreement that the parties will attempt to reach by December 31, 2020. The protocol provides that the common travel area and North-South cooperation will continue to a large extent as they do today, as well as the internal electricity market (so that some EU legislation on wholesale electricity markets will continue to apply). British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has called his Brexit deal a “major new deal that took control” – but less than 5 percent are different from his predecessor Theresa May`s proposal (against which he voted twice), according to a Guardian analysis. Most of Johnson`s agreement is being removed and included in Theresa May`s withdrawal agreement,” Jill Rutter, director of programs at the Institute for Government, said in a twitter message. Finally, if the House of Commons adopted the Prime Minister`s agreement, the UK would pay a “divorce bill” for its outstanding commitments in the EU budget, estimated at $33 billion (33.4 billion euros). The rights of EU citizens living in the UK and Britons in the EU would also be guaranteed. There would still be a “transition period” during which both sides would discuss their future relations, while the UK would remain in compliance with EU rules until December 2020 if the UK left the EU internal market and customs union. Johnson plans to conclude a free trade agreement with the EU during the transition period. The type of agreement provided by the Prime Minister – in which there would be no tariffs or quotas for trade between the EU and the UK, but there would be regulatory barriers because they are outside the internal market and customs union – would cost the UK between 4.9 and 6.7% of GDP growth over 15 years , according to a government analysis. The Irish border “is de facto moving into the Irish Sea”The only part of the agreement that has been amended concerns Northern Ireland, the controversial “backstop” having been abolished. The original proposal would have kept the UK under certain EU rules until the two sides agreed on new agreements to ensure an open border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, a key element of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, which ended decades of religious violence. The backstop was an abomination for many right-wing Conservative bankers – who brought Down May by repeatedly rejecting their deal, and then formed the basis for supporting the success of Johnson`s Conservative leadership campaign – because they could have linked the UK to some EU laws indefinitely.
In accordance with the Johnson Agreement, the Northern Irish border will remain open; There will be no customs controls at the border between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Instead of backstop to ensure this, there will be customs controls on goods between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK. This means that the Irish border is indeed “moving towards the Irish Sea,” Katy Haywood, senior fellow in the UK in a Changing Europe think tank, wrote in a Twitter message. Customs controls in the Irish Sea “real problem for the DUP” Northern Ireland will comply with EU legislation for at least four years after the end of the transition period in December 2020.