2000-2005: The troop withdrawal component of the Taif Agreement has not been fully implemented, although ten years have passed since the signing of the agreement. On 24 May 2000, Israel completely withdrew its troops from southern Lebanon3. On 31 May 2000, Syria agreed that Israel`s withdrawal from Lebanon would be completed and adopted Resolution 425.4 After Israel`s withdrawal, Syria gradually withdrew some of its troops from Lebanon (five redistributions). However, in 2004, 20,000 Syrian soldiers were still deployed in Lebanon. Within six months of the approval of the agreement in the National Assembly, all militias would have been dissolved. The agreement was approved on 22 October 1989 by 58 deputies (out of 62 MPs) at a solemn meeting in Taif. Under the agreement, all armed groups must be disbanded in early 1990. According to As`ad AbuKhalil and many Lebanese Christians, the agreement has significantly reduced the power of the President to the Council of Ministers, although the question of whether this power has been transferred to the Council as a whole or to the Prime Minister is being discussed. As in most parliamentary republics, the President, who mentioned an important executive power before the agreement, was reduced to a figurehead with no real and/or considerable power. He also stressed that the agreement had extended the mandate of the Lebanese parliament spokesman from one year to four years, although the position remains “largely devoid of useful authority”.  Since 1995, several proposals have been submitted for discussion, but there has been no clear distinction between central government and decentralized units. “The only area in which decentralisation has been applied is in the municipalities. The Taif agreement requires even greater decentralization than that of Qadaa (district), but a decentralisation law has not yet been concluded. [fn]”Lebanon: local governance in Complex Environments- Project Assessment,” UNDP, 2010, called april 5, 2011, www.undp.org, called April 5, 2011.
[/efn_note] The Taif agreement advocates the model combining aspects of decentralisation at the level of the eight governorates and 25 districts (Qudaa) with administrative decentralization at the local level.